GRAPHICS, DIGITAL MEDIA, AND MULTIMEDIA

Chapter 6:

 

Graphics, Digital Media, and multimedia

BY- neeraj  gauttam

+91-9414845123

 

Multiple Choice:

 

  1. Pixels are:

dots of ink from an inkjet printer.

dots on the screen arranged in rows.

points of light used by a cordless, wireless, optical mouse.

points on the end of PDA handheld devices.

Answer: B       Reference: Painting: Bitmapped Graphics                               Difficulty: Easy

  1. Pixels are primarily controlled by the:

user.

hardware.

software.

operating system.

Answer: C       Reference: Painting: Bitmapped Graphics                               Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Software that allows a user to paint pixels on the screen using a pointing device is known as:

painting software.

palette software.

bitmapped software.

raster graphics software.

Answer: A       Reference: Painting: Bitmapped Graphics                               Difficulty: Easy

 

  1. Simple pictures or maps are created by:

bitmapped graphics programs.

painting programs.

vector graphics programs.

resolution programs.

Answer: A       Reference: Painting: Bitmapped Graphics                               Difficulty: Easy

  1. A bit can contain one of two possible values,:

0 or 1.

8 or 16.

1 or 2.

A or B.

Answer: A       Reference: Painting: Bitmapped Graphics                               Difficulty: Easy

  1. When a program assigns 8 bits to a pixel, that pixel can display one of up to ____________ colors.

32

64

256

1,024

Answer: C       Reference: Painting: Bitmapped Graphics                               Difficulty: Challenging

  1. The density of pixels on a screen is known as:

resolution.

pixility.

pixel depth.

screen clarity.

Answer: A       Reference: Painting: Bitmapped Graphics                               Difficulty: Moderate

 

  1. A digital photograph is a:

resolution graphic.

raster graphic.

bitmapped image.

raster image.

Answer: C       Reference: Image Processing: Photographic Editing by Computer      Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Programs such as Apple iPhoto and Microsoft PictureIt! are examples of:

photo database software.

resolution software.

photo management software.

gray-scale graphics software.

Answer: C       Reference: Image Processing: Photographic Editing by Computer      Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Bitmapped files are usually:

small in size.

large in size.

zipped for convenience.

very fast to attach and transfer through the Internet.

Answer: B       Reference: Drawing: Object-Oriented Graphics                      Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Software that stores lines and shapes rather than individual pixels is known as:

vector graphics software.

raster graphics software.

photo database software.

resolution software.

Answer: A       Reference: Drawing: Object-Oriented Graphics                      Difficulty: Moderate

 

  1. ____________ is built into many high-end output devices.

Subscript

A font cartridge

A pixel selection

PostScript

Answer: D       Reference: Drawing: Object-Oriented Graphics                      Difficulty: Easy

  1. Previously drawn images that artists can legally use in their own work are known as:

copyart.

clip art.

free art.

shareware.

Answer: B       Reference: Working Wisdom: Creating Smart Art                   Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Software that can create art that a designer can rotate, view from a variety of angles, and take two-dimensional “snapshots” of the best views is known as:

3-D modeling software.

photo database software.

photo management software.

gray-scale graphics software.

Answer: A       Reference: 3-D Modeling Software                                         Difficulty: Moderate

  1. CAD software is primarily used in:

engineering.

software development.

desktop publishing.

accounting.

Answer: A       Reference: CAD/CAM: Turning Pictures into Products           Difficulty: Moderate

 

  1. CAD stands for:

computer-assisted design.

computer application design.

computer application and design.

computer-aided design.

Answer: D       Reference: CAD/CAM: Turning Pictures into Products           Difficulty: Moderate

  1. CAM stands for:

computer-assisted manufacturing.

computer application and manifestation.

computer-aided manufacturing.

computer application and marketing.

Answer: C       Reference: CAD/CAM: Turning Pictures into Products           Difficulty: Moderate

  1. PowerPoint is an example of:

presentation graphics software.

raster graphics software.

photo management software.

gray-scale graphics software.

Answer: A       Reference: Presentation Graphics: Bringing Lectures to Life  Difficulty: Easy

  1. The creation of a presentation of slides is done in:
  2. desktop publishing software.
  3. raster graphics software.
  4. presentation graphics software.
  5. gray-scale graphics software.

Answer: C       Reference: Presentation Graphics: Bringing Lectures to Life  Difficulty: Easy

 

  1. The free add-on program to PowerPoint that makes it possible to publish video presentations to the Web is called:
  2. Micromedia Flash.
  3. Director MX.

Answer: B       Reference: Presentation Graphics: Bringing Lectures to Life  Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Programs such as PowerPoint are also known as:
  2. multimedia Web design tools.
  3. vector graphics programs.
  4. Web design tools.
  5. multimedia-presentation tools.

Answer: D       Reference: Presentation Graphics: Bringing Lectures to Life  Difficulty: Moderate

  1. The creation of motion from still pictures is called:
  2. a presentation.
  3. 3-D modeling.

Answer: D       Reference: Animation: Graphics in Time                                Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Many bitmapped images in a sequence is known as:
  2. GIF animation.
  3. JPG animation.
  4. TIF animation.

Answer: A       Reference: Animation: Graphics in Time                                Difficulty: Moderate

 

  1. Usually, ___________ video is transferred through FireWire.

analog

digital

bit-mapped

digitized

Answer: B       Reference: Analog and Digital Video                                      Difficulty: Moderate

  1. When something is displayed at the same time as it is created, accessed, or imported, it is known as:
  2. digital time.
  3. real time.
  4. online time.
  5. batch time.

Answer: B       Reference: Analog and Digital Video                                      Difficulty: Moderate

  1. A video project usually starts with an outline and a ____________ that describes the action.
  2. story edit
  3. flow chart
  4. storyboard
  5. line chart

Answer: C       Reference: Video Production Goes Digital                              Difficulty: Easy

  1. Adobe Premiere, Apple iMovie, and Microsoft Windows Movie Maker 2 are examples of:
  2. video editing software.
  3. presentation software.
  4. graphics software.
  5. digital camera software.

Answer: A       Reference: Video Production Goes Digital                              Difficulty: Moderate

 

  1. What is the process that condenses files to be stored in less space and therefore, sent faster over the Internet?
  2. Data condensation
  3. Data compression
  4. Zipping
  5. Defragmentation

Answer: B       Reference: Data Compression                                                 Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Before files that have been condensed can be opened and used, they must be:

Answer: A       Reference: How It Works 6.1: Data Compression                   Difficulty: Moderate

  1. When sound is digitally recorded, it is said to be:

Answer: D       Reference: Digital Audio Basics                                             Difficulty: Moderate

  1. The process of copying files to a CD is known as:

Answer: A       Reference: Digital Audio Basics                                             Difficulty: Easy

 

  1. All EXCEPT ____________ can squeeze music files to a fraction of their original size.
  2. AAC
  3. MP3
  4. WMA
  5. P2P

Answer: D       Reference: Digital Audio Basics                                             Difficulty: Challenging

  1. Music that plays on a computer, such as a radio station, but is never downloaded is known as:
  2. real time.

Answer: B       Reference: Working Wisdom: Digital Audio Do’s and Don’ts            Difficulty: Moderate

  1. A standard interface that is used to send commands to instruments and sound sources is:
  2. MIDI.

Answer: C       Reference: Samplers, Synthesizers, and Sequencers               Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Historically, the term “hypertext” was used when textual information was linked in ____________ ways.
  2. sequential
  3. real time
  4. nonsequential
  5. linear

Answer: C       Reference: Hypertext and Hypermedia                                   Difficulty: Moderate

 

  1. When a document or media is to be accessed and read from beginning to end, it is known as:
  2. real time.

Answer: A       Reference: Hypertext and Hypermedia                                   Difficulty: Moderate

  1. The term ____________ generally means using some combination of text, graphics, animation, video, music, voice, and sound effects to communicate.
  2. MIDI
  3. hyperlinking
  4. WYSIWYG
  5. multimedia

Answer: D       Reference: Interactive Multimedia: What Is It?                       Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Computer-generated worlds that created the illusion of immersion are known as:
  2. virtual worlds.
  3. real time.

Answer: A       Reference: Inventing the Future: Shared Virtual Spaces          Difficulty: Easy

  1. ____________ combines virtual worlds with networking, placing multiple participants in a virtual space.
  2. Virtual reality
  3. Hypermedia
  4. Hyper reality
  5. Real time

Answer: A       Reference: Inventing the Future: Shared Virtual Spaces          Difficulty: Easy

 

  1. A musical composition is typically made up of numerous:

sectors.

tracks.

files.

directories.

Answer: B       Reference: How It Works: 6.1 Computer-Based Music Production     Difficulty: Easy

  1. MIDI stands for:

Musical Instruction and Digitized Instruments.

Musical Instrument Digital Interface.

Music and Instruments Digitized Instantly.

Musical Interface Digitally Integrated.

Answer: B       Reference: Samplers, Synthesizers, and Sequencers               Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Guidelines for creating a well-done presentation include all EXCEPT:

maintain a consistent appearance.

keep it simple

make it lively.

use a large variety and quantity of sounds, animation, and bells and whistles.

Answer: D       Reference: Working Wisdom                                                  Difficulty: Easy

Fill in the Blank:

 

  1. ____________ was the developer of HTML and the Web.

Answer: Tim Berners-Lee       Reference: Tim Berners-Lee Weaves                          Difficulty: Challenging

  1. The ____________ is an organization dedicated to helping evolve the Web in positive directions.

Answer: W3C                         Reference: Tim Berners-Lee Weaves                          Difficulty: Challenging

 

  1. A(n) ____________ a tiny dot of white, black, or color arranged in rows on a monitor.

Answer: pixel                          Reference: Painting: Bitmapped Graphics                   Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Painting programs create ____________ graphics.

Answer: bitmapped                 Reference: Painting: Bitmapped Graphics                   Difficulty: Challenging

  1. ____________ graphics allow each pixel be show on the monitor as black, white, or a shade of gray.

Answer: Gray-scale                 Reference: Painting: Bitmapped Graphics                   Difficulty: Moderate

  1. The number of bits devoted to each pixel is called ____________.

Answer: bit depth or color depth     Reference: Painting: Bitmapped Graphics          Difficulty: Challenging

  1. The clarity of a monitor is known as ____________.

Answer: resolution                  Reference: Painting: Bitmapped Graphics                   Difficulty: Moderate

  1. DPI stands for ____________.

Answer: dots per inch             Reference: Painting: Bitmapped Graphics                   Difficulty: Moderate

  1. ____________ allows a photographer to manipulate digital photos and other high-resolution images with tools similar to those found in paint programs.

Answer: Image processing software    Reference: Image Processing                          Difficulty: Challenging

  1. When a digital image is currently being viewed on a computer screen, it is actively loaded into ____________.

Answer: RAM                         Reference: Image Processing                                      Difficulty: Moderate

  1. ____________ graphic software stores a picture not as a collection of dots, but as a collection of lines and shapes.

Answer: Vector or object-oriented     Reference: Image Processing                           Difficulty: Moderate

  1. A standard page-description language for describing text fonts, illustrations, and other elements of the printed page is called ____________.

Answer: PostScript                  Reference: Image Processing                                      Difficulty: Challenging

  1. Images that are available without copyright restrictions are called ____________.

Answer: clip art                       Reference: Working Wisdom: Creating Smart Art       Difficulty: Easy

  1. ____________ photographs, drawings, text, or company logos should not be used without permission.

Answer: Copyrighted              Reference: Working Wisdom: Creating Smart Art       Difficulty: Easy

  1. ____________ software can rotate, stretch, and combine images with other model objects.

Answer: 3-D modeling            Reference: 3-D Modeling Software                             Difficulty: Moderate

  1. ____________ software is used by engineers to design products.

Answer: CAD                         Reference: CAD/CAM: Turning Pictures into Products           Difficulty: Moderate

  1. ____________ software is used to control manufacturing of products.

Answer: CAM                         Reference: CAD/CAM: Turning Pictures into Products           Difficulty: Moderate

  1. CIM stands for ___________.

Answer: computer-integrated manufacturing     Reference: CAD/CAM                     Difficulty: Moderate

  1. SVG stands for ____________.

Answer: Scalable Vector Graphics     Reference: Animation: Graphics in Time         Difficulty: Moderate

  1. When computers act in ____________, they are displaying multimedia at the same time they are being created.

Answer: real time                    Reference: Analog and Digital Video                          Difficulty: Moderate

  1. When a video clip merges and transforms into another image it is known as ____________.

Answer: morphing                  Reference: Video Production Goes Digital                  Difficulty: Moderate

  1. When using a(n) ___________ compression system, a file can be compressed and decompressed without loss of data.

Answer: lossless                      Reference: How It Works 6.1: Data Compression       Difficulty: Moderate

  1. AR stands for ___________.

Answer: augmented reality      Reference: Inventing the Future: Shared Virtual Spaces          Difficulty: Challenging


Matching:

 

  1. Match the following software programs with their capabilities:
  2. image processing software A.  stores a picture as a collection of lines and shapes
  3. painting software B.   can create pixels on the screen with a pointing device

III.    photo management software       C.   can eliminate “red eye” and brush away blemishes

  1. drawing software D.  can create objects or models that can be rotated or stretched
  2. 3-D modeling software E.   simplify and automate capturing, organizing, and editing                                                                          digital images
  3. video editing software F.   automates the creation of visual aids for lectures

Answers: C, B, E, A, D, F                   Reference: Multiple locations                         Difficulty: Challenging

 

 

  1. Match the following software programs with their capabilities:
  2. compression software A.  squeezes data into smaller sizes
  3. sequencing software B.   used to imitate music and used with MIDI

III.    CAD                                           C.   used to control the manufacturing of parts

  1. multimedia authoring software D.  desktop publishing and interactive multimedia authoring                                                                          software
  2. CAM E.   used by engineers and designers to design products
  3. presentation graphics software F.   can combine clips into coherent scenes, splice together                                                                             scenes, and insert visual transitions

 

Answers: A, B, E, F, C, D                   Reference: Multiple locations                         Difficulty: Challenging

 

 

 

  1. Match the following terms to their meanings:
  2. compression A.  expanding a file into its original form
  3. streaming B.   combination of text, graphics, animation, video, music, and                                                                           voice

III.    multimedia                                  C.   running music, for example, in real time

  1. decompression D.  squeezing data into a smaller file
  2. morphing E.   when video and audio clips are stored digitally and are able                                                                           to be edited
  3. nonlinear editing F.   images displayed at the same time they are created or                                                                               imported

VII.   real time                                      G.  changing and merging one computer image into another

Answers: D, C, B, A G, E, F               Reference: Multiple locations                         Difficulty: Moderate

 

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