DATABASE APPLICATIONS AND PRIVACY IMPLICATIONS

Chapter 7:

 

Database Applications and privacy Implications

by-  neeraj  gauttam

+91-9414845123

Multiple Choice:

 

  1. Database programs can do all EXCEPT:
  2. store and organize data.
  3. create graphics.
  4. communicate data.
  5. manage information.

Answer: B       Reference: Chapter introduction                                             Difficulty: Easy

  1. A database is a(n):
  2. spreadsheet program.
  3. desktop publishing program.
  4. operating system.

Answer: B       Reference: The Electronic File Cabinet: Database Basics        Difficulty: Easy

  1. An accurate comparison of a database would be a(n):
  2. electronic file cabinet.
  3. electric typewriter.
  4. office desktop.
  5. electronic calculator.

Answer: A       Reference: The Electronic File Cabinet: Database Basics        Difficulty: Easy

 

  1. One advantage of a computerized database is:
  2. the smaller the quantity, the more likely a database can help.
  3. it is easy to create graphics.
  4. it is easy to store and retrieve large quantities of data.
  5. the programs often come free on a bundled computer system.

Answer: C       Reference: What Good Is a Database?                                    Difficulty: Moderate

 

  1. Advantages of databases include all of the following EXCEPT databases:
  2. make it easy to reorganize data.
  3. make it easy to retrieve information.
  4. make it easy to store large amounts of data.
  5. can only arrange and distribute information in one arrangement.

Answer: D       Reference: What Good Is a Database?                                    Difficulty: Moderate

  1. A software tool for organizing storage and retrieval of information is a(n):
  2. database program.
  3. spreadsheet program.
  4. utility tool.

Answer: B       Reference: Database Anatomy                                                Difficulty: Moderate

  1. A collection of information stored in an organized form in a computer is a(n):
  2. database program.
  3. operating system.
  4. utility tool.

Answer: A       Reference: Database Anatomy                                                Difficulty: Moderate

 

  1. A database is typically composed of one or more:

Answer: B       Reference: Database Anatomy                                                Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Within a database table are a collection of:

Answer: D       Reference: Database Anatomy                                                Difficulty: Challenging

  1. Information about just one individual person is referred to as a:

Answer: C       Reference: Database Anatomy                                                Difficulty: Challenging

  1. One card from a Rolodex would be similar to a database:

Answer: C       Reference: Database Anatomy                                                Difficulty: Challenging

 

  1. A person’s individual last name would be comparable to a:

Answer: B       Reference: Database Anatomy                                                Difficulty: Challenging

  1. Field types include all EXCEPT:
  2. date fields.
  3. numeric fields.
  4. text fields.
  5. record fields.

Answer: D       Reference: Database Anatomy                                                Difficulty: Moderate

  1. The number of newspapers sold on a specific date would be kept in a:
  2. date field.
  3. numeric field.
  4. text field.
  5. record field.

Answer: B       Reference: Database Anatomy                                                Difficulty: Moderate

  1. The view that is similar to a spreadsheet is referred to as a:
  2. list view.
  3. form view.
  4. grid view.
  5. print view.

Answer: A       Reference: Database Operations                                             Difficulty: Moderate

 

  1. It is often possible to bring data from a text file into a database program. This is known as:
  2. exporting data.
  3. opening a file.
  4. importing data.
  5. file retrieval.

Answer: C       Reference: Database Operations                                             Difficulty: Easy

  1. The process of perusing data in a database as if looking through notebook pages is referred to as:

Answer: A       Reference: Browsing                                                               Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Probably the most inefficient way to locate data in a very large database would be to:

Answer: A       Reference: Browsing                                                               Difficulty: Moderate

  1. A ___________ is a viable, usually faster alternative to simply browsing for data in a large database.
  2. surf
  3. store
  4. sort
  5. query

Answer: D       Reference: Database Queries                                                  Difficulty: Easy

 

  1. The process of storing a frequently asked database question is known as a:
  2. stored inquiry.
  3. stored database operation.
  4. database inquiry.
  5. stored query.

Answer: D       Reference: Database Queries                                                  Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Arranging customer records in the order of customer number would be referred to as a(n):

Answer: B       Reference: Sorting Data                                                          Difficulty: Easy

  1. The most common type of database printout is a(n):

Answer: D       Reference: Printing Reports, Labels, and Form Letters            Difficulty: Moderate

  1. An ordered list of specific records and specific fields in an easy-to-read format is known as a(n):

Answer: D       Reference: Printing Reports, Labels, and Form Letters            Difficulty: Moderate

 

  1. The process of sending database data to a word processor to create individualized letters is known as:
  2. exporting data.
  3. sorting data.
  4. mail sorting.
  5. a mail merge.

Answer: A       Reference: Printing Reports, Labels, and Form Letters            Difficulty: Moderate

  1. It is important that queries be:

Answer: B       Reference: Complex Queries                                                  Difficulty: Moderate

  1. The following is an example of:

Select * From Students Where
Major = Business and Credits >= 46 and Credits <= 90

  1. query language.
  2. simple language.
  3. an inquiry.
  4. a sort.

Answer: A       Reference: Complex Queries                                                  Difficulty: Moderate

  1. PIM, a specialized database program, refers to:
  2. personal information manager.
  3. personal inquiry manager.
  4. personalized information maker.
  5. private informational manager.

Answer: A       Reference: Personal Information Managers                            Difficulty: Easy

 

  1. All EXCEPT ____________ are examples of specialized database programs.
  2. a PIM
  3. a PDA
  4. a GIS
  5. Access

Answer: D       Reference: Special-Purpose Database Programs                      Difficulty: Easy

  1. A program that can cross-reference between files and manipulate data in a large collection of files is known as a:
  2. file manager.
  3. database management system.

Answer: D       Reference: From File Managers to Database Management Systems    Difficulty: Moderate

  1. A large company that keeps records of employee information, customer records, and inventory data will most likely need a:
  2. file manager program.
  3. spreadsheet program.
  4. database management system.

Answer: D       Reference: From File Managers to Database Management Systems    Difficulty: Moderate

  1. With a ____________, there is no need to store duplicate information.
  2. DBMS
  3. file manager program
  4. spreadsheet program
  5. PIM

Answer: A       Reference: From File Managers to Database Management Systems    Difficulty: Moderate

 

  1. An example of a key field in a university database would be the student’s:
  2. class roster.
  3. last name.

Answer: B       Reference: From File Managers to Database Management Systems    Difficulty: Moderate

  1. An important requirement of a key field is that it must be:
  2. located in only one table of the database.
  3. located in a minimum of three tables.
  4. common and used in at least five different records.

Answer: A       Reference: From File Managers to Database Management Systems    Difficulty: Easy

  1. When changes in one table are reflected automatically in other tables, the database is known as a:
  2. relational database.
  3. file manager.
  4. simplistic database.

Answer: B       Reference: What Makes a Database Relational?                     Difficulty: Moderate

  1. When a large mail-order company accumulates orders and processes them in a large set, it is known as:
  2. interactive processing.
  3. group processing.
  4. real-time processing.
  5. batch processing.

Answer: D       Reference: Real-Time Computing                                           Difficulty: Challenging

 

  1. When making an airline reservation through the Internet, you are likely to use:
  2. interactive processing.
  3. group processing.
  4. client/server software.
  5. batch processing.

Answer: A       Reference: Real-Time Computing                                           Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Payroll and periodic invoices are likely to be processed through:
  2. interactive processing.
  3. group processing.
  4. real-time processing.
  5. batch processing.

Answer: D       Reference: Real-Time Computing                                           Difficulty: Moderate

  1. In a client/server environment, the client is typically any of the following EXCEPT:
  2. a desktop computer.

Answer: B       Reference: Downsizing and Decentralizing                             Difficulty: Moderate

  1. In a client/server environment, the server:
  2. processes queries from the client and sends the requested data back to the computer.
  3. serves all of the needs of other servers.
  4. is always a mainframe.
  5. must be within 100 yards of all client computers in order to process the data requested.

Answer: A       Reference: Downsizing and Decentralizing                             Difficulty: Moderate

 

  1. Data mining is:
  2. the discovery of queried information from large database.
  3. the discovery and extraction of hidden predictive information from large databases.
  4. only accessible and available on mainframe computers.
  5. when a user creates a database that can be accessed and used by other users.

Answer: B       Reference: Data Mining                                                          Difficulty: Moderate

  1. A new, powerful data description language that can access databases through the Internet is:

Answer: D       Reference: Databases and the Web                                         Difficulty: Moderate

  1. When a user uses English-like language to query a database, it is known as:
  2. object-oriented language.
  3. natural language.
  4. a multi-media database.

Answer: C       Reference: Natural Language Databases                                 Difficulty: Easy

  1. The act of accessing data about other people through credit card information, credit bureau data, and public records and then using the data as their own is known as:
  2. identity theft.
  3. personal theft.
  4. a Big Brother crime.

Answer: A       Reference: Personal Data: All About You                               Difficulty: Easy

 

  1. The Act that made most S. government records available to the public is the:
  2. Freedom of Information Act of 1966.
  3. Privacy Act of 1974.
  4. Fair Credit Reporting Act of 1970.
  5. Freedom of Access Act of 1980.

Answer: A       Reference: Working Wisdom: Your Private Rights                 Difficulty: Moderate

  1. One aspect of the USA Patriot Act is the requirement that:
  2. all citizens must submit to lie detector tests upon request.
  3. all US companies must turn over their employees private records.
  4. libraries must turn over their patron records.
  5. libraries must include books on computer privacy issues within their collection.

Answer: C       Reference: Privacy and Security: Finding a Balance               Difficulty: Moderate

  1. One disadvantage or difficulty of data mining is that:
  2. the results may accumulate so much data that it is difficult to use efficiently.
  3. it is so difficult to use.
  4. the amount of data that is generated is quite minimal.
  5. it can only generate reports, not straight-forward data.

Answer: A       Reference: Privacy and Security: Finding a Balance               Difficulty: Moderate

 

Fill in the Blank:

 

  1. A(n) ____________ is a collection of information stored electronically.

Answer: database                    Reference: The Electronic File Cabinet                       Difficulty: Easy

  1. A(n) ____________ field contains a formula similar to what a user might find in Excel.

Answer: computed                  Reference: Database Anatomy                                    Difficulty: Moderate

  1. A(n) ____________ is a collection of related information stored in a database program.

Answer: table                          Reference: Database Anatomy                                    Difficulty: Easy

  1. An example of a collection of ____________ stored in a database would be all student information at a university.

Answer: records                      Reference: Database Anatomy                                    Difficulty: Moderate

  1. The student’s major in a college database could be an example of a(n) ____________.

Answer: field                          Reference: Database Anatomy                                    Difficulty: Moderate

  1. The student’s last name would be stored as a(n) ____________ field.

Answer: text                            Reference: Database Anatomy                                    Difficulty: Moderate

  1. The birthdate of a student would be stored in a(n) ____________ field.

Answer: date                           Reference: Database Anatomy                                    Difficulty: Moderate

  1. To view an individual student’s information, the user would view the data in ____________ view.

Answer: form                          Reference: Database Anatomy                                    Difficulty: Moderate

  1. If a list of names and addresses is created in Word, it probably can be ____________ into a database program.

Answer: imported                   Reference: Database Operations                                 Difficulty: Easy

  1. A request for information is known as a ____________.

Answer: query                        Reference: Database Queries                                      Difficulty: Moderate

  1. To arrange a university database in alphabetical order by last name, first name, then middle name, the user must perform a(n) ____________ on the database.

Answer: sort                            Reference: Sorting Data                                              Difficulty: Moderate

  1. A typical SQL statement filters the ____________ of a database, thereby presenting only those that meet criteria.

Answer: records                      Reference: How It Works                                           Difficulty: Moderate

  1. A specialized database program that can store addresses and phone numbers, keep a calendar, and set alarms is known as a(n) ____________.

Answer: PIM or personal information manager     Reference: PIM                            Difficulty: Moderate

  1. DBMS stands for ____________.

Answer: database-management system    Reference: File Managers to Management SysDifficulty: Easy

 

  1. An ISBN number for a book would be an example of a(n) ____________ field in a database.

Answer: key                            Reference: File Managers to Management Systems     Difficulty: Moderate

  1. The ____________ corporation developed the first commercial relational-database system.

Answer: Oracle                       Reference: What Makes a Database Relational?         Difficulty: Moderate

  1. When a user can view the current status of an airplane that is supposed to arrive at LAX at 10:00am, it is known as viewing the data in ____________.

Answer: real time                    Reference: Real-Time Computing                               Difficulty: Moderate

  1. In a client/server environment, a desktop computer is known as the ____________.

Answer: client                         Reference: Downsizing and Decentralizing                 Difficulty: Easy

  1. Records that, in the past, were updated during the night, often after closing hours, were processed as____________.

Answer: batch processing       Reference: Real-Time Computing                               Difficulty: Moderate

  1. Large accumulations of data, often expensive to store, centralized, and somewhat archaic now, are known as____________.

Answer: data warehouses        Reference: Downsizing and Decentralizing                 Difficulty: Easy

  1. The process of hunting, discovering, and extracting information, sometimes hidden, from a database is known as ____________.

Answer: data mining               Reference: Data Mining                                              Difficulty: Moderate

  1. An internal network that acts similar to the Internet is called a(n) ____________.

Answer: intranet                      Reference: Databases and the Web                             Difficulty: Moderate

  1. The future may bring ____________ databases, which will store objects rather than records.

Answer: object-oriented          Reference: Object-Oriented Databases                        Difficulty: Moderate

  1. ____________ can be beneficial when trying to correct credit bureau data, for example, and the error is located in many different locations.

Answer: Record matching       Reference: The Privacy Problem                                 Difficulty: Moderate

  1. The right to ____________ is not actually guaranteed by the constitution but, instead, is implied by other constitutional guarantees.

Answer: privacy                      Reference: The Privacy Problem                                 Difficulty: Challenging

Matching:

 

  1. Match the following federal Acts to their meanings:
  2. Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 A.  bank of American can’t share your                                                                                                           information
  3. Financial Modernization Act of 1999 B.   “I was denied for credit! I demand                                                                                                            to see the report.”

III.    Privacy Act of 1974                                                 C.   regulates the use of government data                                                                                                         in determining eligibility for federal                                                                                                                benefits

  1. Fair Credit Reporting Act of 1970 D.  “Don’t call again or I can sue!”
  2. Freedom of Information Act of 1966 E.   covers electronic communication                                                                                                              similarly to mail and telephone                                                                                                                        communications
  3. 1986 Electronic Communications Privacy Act F.   IRS must provide your information                                                                                                           to you

VII.   1988 Computer Matching and Privacy                      G.  “I’d like to look at the court records             Protection Act                                                                 of Joe Smith.”

Answers: D, A, F, B, G, E, C  Reference: Working Wisdom: Your Private Rights     Difficulty: Moderate

 

SELECT Vehicle_ID, Vehicle_Type
FROM Rental_Vehicles
WHERE Transport_Mode = ‘Land’ AND Rental_Price = 20.00

  1. In the query shown above, match the following questions with their corresponding answer:
    1. Rental_Vehicles is a: A. False
    2. A Jet for a rental price of $2,000 would be selected B. $20
  • Bicycle for a rental price of $20 would be selected C. Table
  1. Vehicle_ID is a: D. Filter
  2. In the text, two items met the ____________ of the query. E. Field
  3. The rental price must be exactly: F.  True
  • A ____________ sorts through the records in this database. G. Criteria

Answers: C, A, F, E, G, B, D Reference: Multiple locations                                     Difficulty: Moderate

 

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